The SAT Reasoning Test (formerly Scholastic Aptitude Test and Scholastic Assessment Test) is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States and other foreign countries. The SAT is owned, published and developed by the College Board and was once developed, published and scored by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). Since the SAT's introduction in 1901, its name and scoring has changed several times. In 2005, the test was renamed as "SAT Reasoning Test" with possible scores from 600 to 2400 combining test results from three 800-point sections (math, critical reading and writing) along with other subsections scored separately.


Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is a computer adaptive standardized test for measuring aptitude to succeed academically in graduate business studies. Business schools commonly use the tests as one of many selection criteria for admission into an MBA program. It is given at various locations in the United States, Canada and around the world. Throughout North America and in many international locations, GMAT is administered only via computer. In those international locations where an extensive network of computers has not yet been established, GMAT is offered either at temporary computer-based testing centers on a limited schedule or as a paper-based test (given once or twice a year) at local testing centers.


Graduate Record Examination or GRE is a standardized test that is an admission requirement for many graduate schools, principally in the United States, but also in other English speaking countries. Created and administered by the Educational Testing Service (or ETS), the exam primarily focuses on testing abstract thinking skills in the areas of math, vocabulary and analytical writing. The GRE is typically a computer-based exam that is administered by selected qualified testing centers; however, paper-based exams are offered in areas of the world that lack the technological requirements. In the graduate school admissions process, the level of emphasis, that is placed upon GRE scores varies widely between schools and even departments within schools. The importance of a GRE score can range from being an important selection factor to being a mere admission formality.